Modern - Official list of birthstones by the National Association of Jewelers in 1912, and the is the one most people are familiar with today.

Semiprecious - List based upon research by House of Dubhrós, compiled by referencing earlier lists known to exist prior to the Modern Chart created 1912, interestingly enough almost all the stones used in the prior charts were in fact semiprecious.

Kunz - George Frederick Kunz, the leading authority on the folklore of gemstones and a gemologist, created this list in 1913 in response to the inaccuracies he found within the Modern chart.

Historical Charts:

Arabic - List compiled from the Middle East and North Africa.

Ayurvedic - This ancient list of birthstones comes from India and dates back to before 1500 B.C, when the first account of this particular chart is mentioned. The stones were adapted to our modern Gregorian calendar for ease of reference.

Hebrew - Jewish merchants from Poland to Italy used this chart during the late middle ages.

Breastplate - The Breastplate of Aaron is in the Hebrew religious text the Book of Exodus.

Breastplate 2 - A more likely list of stones for the Breastplate, based on the original Jewish meaning of the names and available stones.

Hindu - This list seems to be based on the Hindu charm called the Navaratna, or nine gem. With three additional stones to equal the 12 month year, this chart was compiled by Kunz.

Italian - A 17th century Italian list

Polish - A 18th century Polish list

Roman - A list used by early-christianized Rome.

Russian - A 17th Century Russian List.

St. Isidore - Compiled by Bishop Isidore in 619 A.D. Based on the stones used in the foundation of Jerusalem as described in the Christian religious text the Book of Revelations, the chart from which most modern charts originate.

15th Century - A survey of birthstones of 15th century Europe.




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